By Elliot Cohen
Do sufferers have the appropriate to understand their physician's HIV prestige? Can a dentist refuse therapy to an HIV-positive sufferer? How do educators make certain no matter if to permit an HIV-positive baby to wait university, and in the event that they do, should still the fogeys of alternative kids learn? should still a counselor holiday confidentiality by way of disclosing to a spouse that her husband is contaminated with HIV? This number of unique essays conscientiously examines the tricky ethical offerings the AIDS pandemic has offered for plenty of pros physicians, nurses, dentists, lecturers and college directors, company managers, psychotherapists, legal professionals, clergy, reporters, and politicians. within the place of work, difficulties posed through HIV and AIDS have resulted in a reexamination of conventional codes of ethics. delivering systematic and reasoned discussions, the authors discover the ethical, criminal, and moral matters excited about the reconsideration of rules, criteria of behavior, and the practicality of balancing own ethics. Elliot D. Cohen is Professor of Philosophy at Indian River group collage and Editor-in-Chief of the "International magazine of utilized Philosophy". Michael Davis is Senior study affiliate on the middle for the research of Ethics in Professions, Illinois Institute of know-how.
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Extra info for Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics
N"or would it provide greater patient protection. Likewise, almost no one who needs medical attention would refuse it, even if Moral Dilemmas for Physicians • 43 fully informed of all these risks. They would normally have no other option but to hope that they were lucky enough not to be infected. Unfortunately, it is part of the tyranny of circumstances under which we must function that no matter how we strive to overcome uncertainty, we have nothing left but hope to sustain us when a difficult decision must be made.
While there is general resistance to this kind of screening ,51 we should note that perinatally acquired HIV is more common than phenylketonuria (PKU) or congenital syphilis, both of which currently require mandatory testing. 52 In fact, some hospitals routinely screen their patients for HIV, sometimes without their consent. 53 They defend testing patients for HIV because it will help health-care professionals to better know with whom they should take greater precautions, arguing that such testing is necessary because it is unrealistic to expect health-care professionals to be vigilant in exercising infection control precautions at all times.
Since the only logical explanation for the cluster of cases involving the Florida dentist suggested that infection control procedures had evidently broken down, this new policy seemed to satisfy the CDC'S legally mandated concerns. Are Restrictions Discriminatory? From the perspective of professional ethics and public policy, what should we say about a policy that imposes restrictions on the practice 34 • Albert Flores of HIV-positive physicians? Can such restrictions be justified, or are they inherently discriminatory?
Aids: Crisis in Professional Ethics by Elliot Cohen