By Jonathan Caulkins
Within the warfare on medicines, kids are at the entrance traces. is simply asserting no security sufficient? The authors learn the result of renowned college drug prevention courses to figure out how powerful they're at lowering cocaine use and even if those courses are funds good spent, compared to drug-enforcement or drug-treatment courses.
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Additional resources for An ounce of prevention, a pound of uncertainty: the cost-effectiveness of school-based drug prevention programs
By finding merit in using peers to help run the program (Tobler, 1986; Ellickson and Bell, 1990a). Such information is clearly valuable, but for a number of reasons, this literature does not help us determine how effective or costeffective prevention is in general (Gorman, 1995). Many prevention evaluations do not report magnitudes of effects. Few if any try to make the connection between measured outcome variables and lifetime use. Few conduct long-term follow-up evaluations, and none of which we are aware has yet rigorously measured outcomes beyond the end of high school.
Preventing a youth from initiating cocaine use, treating a heavy user, arresting a drug dealerthese must all be expressed in terms of drug consumption averted. , 1997). That leaves preventionthe topic of this book. Prevention is a timely issue, as there are signs that, after many years of policy emphasis on enforcement, prevention may be about to have its day. A Gallup poll conducted several years ago found that more people (93 percent of respondents) favored antidrug education in public schools as a way of dealing with the problem of drugs than any other strategy (Gallup, 1995, cited in Maguire and Pastore, 1996, p.
For a middle estimate, we thus add to the low estimate the cost of the teacher's time in offering the program. To get a high estimate, we add to the middle estimate a per-student, per-class-session share of a typical school facilities budget. We prefer the high estimate for the reasons just given and because it is consistent with the approach taken in our analyses of enforcement and treatment (where we counted facility and other opportunity costs). Page xxviii Cost-Effectiveness (kilograms of Cocaine Consumption Averted Per Million Dollars Spent) Dividing the effectiveness numbers by the cost numbers gives cost-effectiveness.
An ounce of prevention, a pound of uncertainty: the cost-effectiveness of school-based drug prevention programs by Jonathan Caulkins