By Robert A Heinaman
Книга Aristotle And ethical Realism Aristotle And ethical Realism Книги Психология, философия Автор: Robert A Heinaman Год издания: 1998 Формат: pdf Издат.:Westview Press Страниц: 248 Размер: 21,5 Mb ISBN: 0813391040 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The query of ethical realism—whether our moral ideals relaxation on a few aim foundation—is one who mattered as a lot to Aristotle because it does to us at the present time, and his writings in this subject proceed to supply idea for the modern debate. This quantity of essays expands the fruitful dialog between students of historic philosophy and modern moral theorists in this query and similar matters resembling the virtues, justice, and Aristotle’s idea of tragedy.The wonderful participants to this quantity improve and make clear either Aristotle’s perspectives and the modern debates. This booklet makes an enormous contribution to either themes, and it'll be crucial examining for all philosophers and classicists with an curiosity in ethical philosophy and Greek ethics.
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Extra resources for Aristotle And Moral Realism
15. This is what seems to arise from 1131b25, where commutative justice is presented as the sole remaining species, which therefore includes economic exchange, distinguished by the supplementary character of reciprocity, 45 THE TWOFOLD N A T U R A L FOUNDATION OF JUSTICE he will recover his wealth after restitution), it can only be a matter of equality of persons independent of their respective social positions. It is this absolute rather than relative principle of equality that must be applied, so that both strict respect for contracts will be assured and the equilibrium destroyed by an offence will be re-established.
And this harmonizes with Williams' point that we should "start from the idea that di' autti should be read negatively; the agent does 25 THE VIRTUOUS AGENT'S REASONS the V thing not for the wrong reasons" (p, 17) and then fill this out. In showing or indicating which good the virtuous agent took herself to be pursuing (or which evil she is avoiding) the reasons given distinguish the way she is acting from the way the licentious, or cowardly, or merely self-seeking, or merely docile, agent happens to do the same sort of action; the latter will be pursuing or avoiding quite different goods and evils, doing what is temperate or liberal "for the wrong reasons" (in the particular case).
In accepting one's condition, fulfilling one's function or, negatively, in not overstepping one's limits. Plotinus will further simplify the formula and define justice in itself as to heautou,6 which we could translate as self-appropriation, identity to oneself. In the Platonic conception this equality to oneself does not exclude, but on the contrary implies, a distinction between the different subjects governed by justice. Fulfilling one's own function means not infringing on that of others; thus, in a just city, the warrior must not 5.
Aristotle And Moral Realism by Robert A Heinaman