Download e-book for kindle: Aspasius, Michael of Ephesus, Anonymous: On Aristotle by Michael of Ephesus, Aspasius, David Konstan

By Michael of Ephesus, Aspasius, David Konstan

ISBN-10: 0715630717

ISBN-13: 9780715630716

ISBN-10: 1780939094

ISBN-13: 9781780939094

ISBN-10: 1780939108

ISBN-13: 9781780939100

Aristotle devotes books 8-9 of the Nicomachean Ethics to friendship, distinguishing 3 types: a main style influenced through the other's personality; and different kinds encouraged by way of application or excitement. he is taking up Plato's concept that one understands oneself higher as mirrored in another's eyes, as supplying one of many merits of friendship, and he additionally sees real friendship as modelled on real self-love. He extra compares friendship with justice, and illustrates the ubiquity of friendship by way of concerning the way we support wayfarers as though they have been kinfolk (oikeion), a note he's taking from Plato's dialogue of affection. in lots of of those respects he most likely prompted the Stoic concept of justice as in keeping with the average kinship (oikeiotes) one feels firstly for oneself at beginning and, ultimately, for misplaced wayfarers. Of the 3 commentaries translated right here, that through the second-century advert Aristotelian Aspasius is the earliest extant statement on Aristotle; the second one is via Michael of Ephesus within the 12th century; the 3rd is of unknown date and authorship. Aspasius concerns even if there's just one form of friendship with a unmarried definition.But he plumps for a verdict no longer given by way of Aristotle, that the first type of friendship serves as a focus for outlining the opposite . Aspasius alternatives up connections together with his Stoic contemporaries. Michael cites Christians and attracts from Neoplatonists the concept there's a self-aware a part of the soul, and that Aristotle observed contributors as bundles of properties.

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Aristotle devotes books 8-9 of the Nicomachean Ethics to friendship, distinguishing 3 varieties: a first-rate variety inspired by way of the other's personality; and different kinds stimulated via application or excitement. he's taking up Plato's concept that one is aware oneself larger as mirrored in another's eyes, as supplying one of many merits of friendship, and he additionally sees real friendship as modelled on precise self-love.

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Additional resources for Aspasius, Michael of Ephesus, Anonymous: On Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 8-9

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This argument shows that parents should be loved more by their sons than they love them, even if it does not happen thus: for they are more beneficial and better. The same argument [applies] too concerning the others who rule, for by however much they are better, they should be loved the more. One might inquire concerning loves according to superiority whether they occur in the above-mentioned kinds or whether these are other kinds of love. Eudemus and Theophrastus say that loves according to superiority too occur in the same [kinds]: on account of pleasure or of the useful or of virtue.

One must understand it in this way, ‘that the ruler is exceeded’ in the sense that he knows and behaves toward the worthy man as toward his better. For thus there will be equality according to proportion, if he thinks that he exceeds in wealth and power, but reveres the good man as surpassing him in respect to virtue. Such a ruler would be naturally fine, an admirer of noble things, and it is obvious that he will entrust his own care to the worthy man. A good man, then, might perhaps put up with becoming a friend to such a person, but he would not endure [becoming one] to another [sort]; for a noble man is least able to bear tyrannical arrogance and illiberal treatment.

However, these [young people] do live pleasurably with one another, for they obtain as much as possible what accords with the [type of] love they have. For it is [love] 25 30 35 166,1 5 10 15 22 20 25 167,1 5 10 Aspasius: On Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 8 based on pleasure, and by living together they most enjoy the pleasure that comes from one another. When he says, ‘if such pleasure’ alters ‘there is a rapid change’ (1156a36), he means by ‘such’ either that based on mere feeling or that based on youth.

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Aspasius, Michael of Ephesus, Anonymous: On Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics 8-9 by Michael of Ephesus, Aspasius, David Konstan


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