Download e-book for kindle: Ball Lightning: An Unsolved Problem in Atmospheric Physics by Mark Stenhoff B.Sc., M.Phil. (Lond.), C.Phys., M.Inst.P.,

By Mark Stenhoff B.Sc., M.Phil. (Lond.), C.Phys., M.Inst.P., F.R.A.S., F.R.Met.S. (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0306461501

ISBN-13: 9780306461507

ISBN-10: 0306470926

ISBN-13: 9780306470929

Down comes a deluge of sonorous hail, Or prone-descending rain. Wide-rent, the clouds Pour a complete flood, and but, its flame unquenched, Th’unconquerable lightning struggles via. Ragged and fierce, or in purple whirling balls, And fires the mountains with redoubled rage. Black from the stroke, above, the smould’ring pine Stands a tragic shattered trunk; and, stretched lower than, a dull team the blasted farm animals lie. James Thompson, “The Seasons” (1727) were investigating ball lightning for greater than twenty years. I released a ball lightning record in Nature in 1976 that got around the world exposure and that i for this reason many of us wrote to me with debts in their personal reviews. inside of a truly little while, I had collected approximately two hundred firsthand money owed, and the dossier has persevered to develop gradually given that then. a number of issues inspired me. Few of these who wrote to me had any unique foreknowledge of ball lightning on the time in their remark. still, as soon as experiences of alternative phenomena equivalent to St. Elmo’s fireplace were eradicated, the rest descriptions have been remarkably constant. moreover, approximately all who contacted me have been prepared to have an evidence of what that they had visible and appeared totally sincere.

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Additional resources for Ball Lightning: An Unsolved Problem in Atmospheric Physics

Sample text

The first lightning bolt often precedes a sudden downpour of rain by a few minutes. Through the active phase of the thunderstorm, lightning is followed by a field excursion to fair-weather field conditions; then there is a gradual return to foulweather field conditions, followed by further lightning, and so the cycle continues. At the end of the storm, the final lightning is often anomalous, lowering a substantial amount of positive charge to Earth (see later discussion) and having associated with it an “end of storm oscillation” (EOSO*) (Moore and Vonnegut 1977).

It is immediately evident that this definition shows that ball lightning is not a subset of “true” lightning as defined 34 Ball Lightning here. Thus the expression “ball lightning” is a misnomer resulting from the association between ball lightning and conventional linear lightning. Some descriptive names given to lightning do not describe distinct forms—for example, heat,* sheet,* rocket,* ribbon,* spider,* and streak* lightning are all considered to be various manifestations of intracloud, cloud-to-air, and cloud-toground discharges.

The side-flash is the mechanism that makes it especially dangerous to shelter under trees during thunderstorms. 1. It is immediately evident that this definition shows that ball lightning is not a subset of “true” lightning as defined 34 Ball Lightning here. Thus the expression “ball lightning” is a misnomer resulting from the association between ball lightning and conventional linear lightning. Some descriptive names given to lightning do not describe distinct forms—for example, heat,* sheet,* rocket,* ribbon,* spider,* and streak* lightning are all considered to be various manifestations of intracloud, cloud-to-air, and cloud-toground discharges.

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Ball Lightning: An Unsolved Problem in Atmospheric Physics by Mark Stenhoff B.Sc., M.Phil. (Lond.), C.Phys., M.Inst.P., F.R.A.S., F.R.Met.S. (auth.)


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