By Laurence Schneider
Utilizing the sector of genetics as a case examine, this e-book follows the stricken improvement of recent average technology in China from the Nineteen Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via distinct images of key scientists and associations, uncomplicated dilemmas are explored: find out how to regulate nature with technology, the right way to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, easy methods to get scientists out from less than keep watch over of ideology and the nation. utilizing the sector of genetics as a case learn, this e-book follows the bothered improvement of recent usual technology in China from the Nineteen Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via specific photos of key scientists and associations, easy dilemmas are explored: the best way to keep watch over nature with technology, tips to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, the best way to get scientists out from below regulate of ideology and the kingdom.
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Extra info for Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (Asia Pacific Perspectives)
C. : Harvard University Press, 1969), 125-29. There is a summary of this policy in Rockefeller Foundation, Annual Report, 1935: 3,329. 4. : University of California Press, 1980). 5. These China Medical Board policy shifts are formally stated in the Rockefeller Foundation’s Annual Reports: (1) Shift to Chinese institutions, 1922: 32-33, 248; (2) Shift away from hospitals to medical education, 1925: 374; (3) Shift to medical research, away from medical education, 1929: 175-76. The China Medical Board’s science coordinator was N.
It was the rule to find science textbooks used in their original English, German, or French. Toward the elimination of these linguistic burdens and culturally offensive dependencies, the foundation ’ Independence through Dependence 29 encouraged two kinds of effort: It sponsored the translation and publication of historically significant Western science texts and current advanced-level textbooks. Additionally, it sponsored the establishment of nationally standardized translation of scientific terminology, and then made sure that these were circulated by way of glossaries, lexicons, and dictionaries.
S who returned from Cornell’s plant genetics program were publishing discussions of inheritance that deftly employed the concept of the gene. Some of this literature illustrated its arguments with material derived from the author’s own research. ~~ 42 Chapter I In Chen Zhen’s textbook, the discussion of heredity is for the most part (both narrative and illustrations) derived fiom T. H. Morgan’s The Physical Basis oftieredity. Chen Zhen’s narrative begins with the device of a make-believe discourse between the biologist August Weismann ( 1834-1914) and Charles Darwin in order to establish two fundamentals: that the material basis of heredity is located in a discrete organic structure of the cell (germplasm), not suffused generally throughout an organism (somatoplasm); and second, that acquired characters cannot be inherited.
Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (Asia Pacific Perspectives) by Laurence Schneider