By Dirk Marcel Dhossche
The research of catatonia in Autism Spectrum issues is a singular and arguable subject. Catatonia is a motor sickness characterised by way of stereotypy, stress, mutism, and posturing. those motor symptoms also are attribute of autism. The curiosity within the relation among autism and catatonia stems from scientific observations that autistic and catatonic indicators overlap, that a few individuals with autism increase full-blown catatonia, and that anti-catatonic remedies convey aid in a few of these sufferers.
This e-book explores the query of if the 2 syndromes have a typical pathophysiology. It additionally examines no matter if the profitable remedy of catatonia be utilized to sufferers with either autism and catatonia. The ebook concludes with blueprints for the evaluate, remedy, and destiny learn of catatonia in Autism Spectrum problems. those blueprints objective to extend early attractiveness and remedy of catatonia in sufferers with autism, express the urgency of managed remedy trials and elevated collaborative and interdisciplinary study into the co-occurrence of those enigmatic issues.
* offers a old standpoint of the techniques of catatonia and autism, as defined by means of outdated eu masters like Bleuler and Kalhbaum
* offers clinical-epidemiological reviews that follow systematic standards of catatonia in populations with Autism Spectrum issues
* incorporates a evaluate of the significance of psychomotor functionality for regular and irregular improvement
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Additional info for Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 72
Allgemeine Zeitschrift fu¨r Psychiatrie 54, 515–552. , Bzowej, N. , Guan, H. , Becker, L. , Reynolds, G. , Bird, E. , and Tourtellotte, W. W. (1987). Human brain dopamine receptors in children and aging adults. Synapse 1, 399–404. Selemon, L. , and Goldman-Rakic, P. S. (1995). Abnormally high neuronal density in the schizophrenic cortex: A morphometric analysis of prefrontal area 9 and occipital area 17. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 52, 805–818. , and Kaplan, S. (1980). Catatonic symptoms in a child with epilepsy.
In most cases the onset is gradual and the presence of all the features of classic stupor appears to be rare (Wing and Shah, 2000). This is referred to here as ‘‘catatonia-like deterioration,’’ again to avoid the premature conclusion that it is the same as catatonia. , 1999). The data presented here are based on samples of children and adults referred to clinics. Data from three diVerent studies, which illustrate aspects of the manifestations of catatonia-like clinical pictures, are presented. The first examines the occurrence of catatonia-like features in 200 children and adults with ASDs.
These are classified into the following subgroups: (1) disorders of movements of body and face (9 items), (2) disorders of speech and vocalization (5 items), (3) disorders of behavior: eye contact (4 items); fascination with visual stimuli (3 items); and unsocial behavior (7 items). For each item the percentages of individuals given marked or moderate ratings, respectively, for the most severe manifestations are shown. Eighteen of the 28 items had been present in a marked form at some time in the life of the person concerned in over one-third of all participants.
Catatonia in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 72 by Dirk Marcel Dhossche